Cash Sales Journal Entry

Cash Sales Journal Entry

Sales refer to the amount of goods sold that are already bought or manufactured by the business enterprise. When goods are sold for cash, they are cash sales but, if goods are sold and payment is not received at the time of sale, it is credit sales. Total sales include both cash and credit sales.

Total Sales= Cash sales+ credit sales

When goods are sold in cash, the journal entry is passed in the books of account in the following manner-

Goods sold for cash journal entry (According to Traditional Approach)

Example-  On 1st April 2021 goods sold for cash ₹2,50,000.

Explanation: According to the traditional approach in this transaction, two accounts are affected-

1. Cash account (Real Account)
Rules of Real Account– Debit what comes in, Credit what goes out. Here cash is coming into the business, so according to the rules,  Cash account will be debited while passing the journal entry.

2. Sales account (Nominal Account)
Rules of Nominal Account: Debit all losses and expenses, and credit all Income and gain.
Sales Account will be credited as per the rules (credit all Income and gain) at the time of passing the journal entry.

Cash sales journal entry (Traditional Approach)

Cash sales journal entry
Cash sales journal entry

Goods sold for cash journal entry (According to Modern Approach)

Example-  On 1st April 2021 goods sold for cash ₹2,50,000.

Explanation: According to the modern approach in this transaction, two accounts are affected-

1. Cash Account (Assets Account) –
Rules of Assets Account: Increases in assets are debits; decreases in assets are credits.)

Here the assets in the form of cash are increasing so according to the rules(Increases in assets are debits) the cash account will be debited while passing the journal entry.

2. Sales Account (Revenue Account)

Rules Revenue Account: Increases in incomes and gains are credits; decreases in incomes and gains are debits.

The revenue is increasing in the form of sales here, so the Sales account will be credited as per rules(Increases in incomes and gains are credits) while passing the journal entry.

Cash sales journal entry (Modern Approach)

Cash sales journal entry
Cash sales journal entry

 

Cash Withdrawal from Bank Journal Entry

Cash deposit into bank journal entry

Double Column Cash Book (Cash and Bank)

Golden Rules Of Accounting

Salary paid Journal Entry

Outstanding Salary Journal Entry

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